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Дискуссии - Наука

Sergei S. Robaten
Symbols of the Veles book. Influence on Slavic culture
Oб авторе

1. The Tribe name, as the reference to the heavenly patron.

To look after names - reference points on a Slavic orthodox inner world before the next ideological reform of the Russian outlook, known to us as acceptance of Christianity in Russia, we shall address to works of the Russian historian, member-correspondent of the Academy of sciences, director of the Armory Museum, Alexander Veltman [1].

Veltman's curriculum vitae draws an image of the versatile and extremely productive writer to which was possible manage the word in a historical science, and the most remarkable, to be recognized in the academic scientific circles during lifetime of.

However times have quickly enough changed, and on the foreground send estimations quite unilateral. The visionary (from Belinski), colonna driver in old age (from Pogodin). Such accents are placed in the biographic article, devoted Veltman, in Big Soviet Encyclopedia (3 ed. 1972). It is absolutely natural, that historical works and scientific ranks of Veltman in this edition are not mentioned at all.

Offering the reader the reference to one of densely forgotten books [2] of the Russian historian of the middle of XIX century with the academic rank. It is necessity to clear the probable reasons of such selective forgetfulness of biographers.

It is easy to notice law of development of a public life of first half XIX century in Russia. Those authors who was interesting to Slavic history, and came as a result to a conclusion that history of Slavs rather ancient and famous, derisive nicknames has received.

To the common label of "Slavophil" meaning biased, not scientifically-discharged, and emotional, interested, for the attitude to Slavic history from the researcher, everyone has received still individual labels of " farmer" (Klassen), the madman (Lukashevich), forced to prove to the reader of the future generations the lightness, unimportantness of conclusions of these authors.

Such way of struggle against scientific ideas presently is widely known from practice of the Soviet Academy of sciences. Really, why to strain, be engaged in scrupulous experiences, to search for scientific mistakes at the opponent when it is possible to accuse him of a nobiliary origin, or to attribute disbelief in an inevitable celebration of ideas of Marxism-Leninism. It not only is easier, but also more effective. Thus, the scientific opponent, less dexterous or more scrupulous in selection of scientific arguments, disappeared from scientific horizon rather for a long time, if not for ever, together with the inconvenient ideas.

We do not have need to idealize an epoch of Slavophil, but to study it is rather useful, proceeding just from Klassen’s, Lukashevich’s, Veltman's basic scientific result, and many other things of thinkers, little-known or at all forgotten.

This result consists in detection of a huge antiquity of roots of the Slavic people leaving in immeasurable depths of the past.

As well as Klassen, Veltman marked illegibility of Latin authors which mixed Slavic names of professional groups of handicraftsmen, soldiers and independent tribes.

As a result we know great variety of people which exist only at one classical author and completely disappear by an epoch of other historian.

It is necessary to consider as important scientific achievement revealing of system in names of Savanes's tribes.

It is possible to recognize as the doubtless contribution to a historical science Veltman's statement that the common name of Slavic tribes "savanes" is formed on behalf of the Supreme Deity to which these tribes worshipped.

2. The Reasons for acceptance the name of a persona and tribe.

To each normal person it is clear, that the name of his child should not harm to the favorite child. Moreover, if probably to give a useful name, it should be made by all means. From this, quite logical reasons, in the first years of revolution of 1917 appeared small Vilen, Vololen (Volodja Lenin) little bit later, Melor (Marx, Engels, Lenin - organizers of revolution), were displaced preferences, and have appeared Mels (Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin), on a wave of national enthusiasm after flight of the satellite and Jury Gagarin - Sputvcosyr (Sputnik in cosmos, hurrah) and Yurvcosyr (Yra in cosmos, hurrah). Precisely same reasons should be assumed at authors of tribe names, which in the same way as we, wished to help the descendants, including through acceptance on ourselves of a name.


Certainly, the heavenly defender. As known, by present time there is not found by historians and archeologists of any culture or a civilization without religious views and some hopes on the heavenly help to everyone.

It means, that, knowing a name of a tribe, it is possible to assume with a high degree of probability what were religious views of members of this tribe, at least, during formation or active use of own breeding name by spiritual leaders of this tribe.

For studying names and laws of their development in time and space Russian especially well approached.

In fact our language consists of names of nouns, names of adjectives, names of numerals. It is possible to tell, that all Russian consists of names and verbs.

Whose are those names?

Probably, that the answer contains in a name "Name". This word can be understood, how IIma, a name of the leader of Aryans, which, in turn, can be understood, how “Sacred Mother “, i.e. the Mother of god in modern perception.

Thus, all Russian words, including, one-alphabetic, are the list of the names describing diverse images of unique phenomena of an orthodox inner world - our Creator as understood him in an image of a feminine gender of the Mother of god, founders of Russian.

Glagol is a name of the Creator too, and evangelical, mentioned by St. John. Sometimes named Gogol who floated on the Tiveriadsky sea without coast, and once has got from a bottom of the sea silt from which then the material world has been created.

This name is carried, for example, by well-known Russian writer Gogol, German philosopher Gegel and modern computer « kind uncle » Google.

Russian entirely constructed on names, all which words are names, is as well as possible adapted for transfer and understanding of names, as verbal attributes of all without exception of the phenomena material and even spiritual the worlds.

3. Savanes are the Slavs who have taken up name Siva.

Veltman, on absolutely scientific bases, specifies a deity which name was accepted by his admirers - Savanes - Siva, member of Trinity (under this word the idea of three faces of a deity appears), a deity of India, nowadays more often named Shiva.

Why India? Because Veltman - the scientist, and he starts with achievements modern to him of a science in which to the middle of XIX century there was the whole century a knowledge of former language unity Indo-Europeans noticed Lomonosov, and already half a century ( Schlegel, 1806) existed the theory about an origin of all Indo-European nations of the world from India [3].

Since then much has changed, and India by our time already for a long time is not considered an ancestral home of nations of Europe [4].

Thus, the question of an origin of a tribe’s name of Savanes remains actual.

Let's look the heavenly prototype of this tribe self-name in other places, there, where modern researchers N.R.Guseva and S.V.Zharnikova find Sanskrit names of the rivers and lakes, in Russian North[5].

Here before us the image of God Savaof. The beginning of XVIII century, Russian North [6].


The orthodox tradition has kept up to us representation that Savaof is one of names of the God-father, a member of the Trinity .This name can be said, as Cavaot, in Judaic traditions of the supreme ruling estates of an Aryan society, rather authoritative for the orthodox theorists serving spiritual needs of the operated caste of farmers, peasants - Christians.

Let's notice, that the root [ot] in Judaic pronunciation is close on sounding and value of a name the Father (Ата), hence, the ending [of] in a modern Slavic pronunciation just and means a name the Father. Thus, on an icon of the beginning of XVIII century the God the Father, whom calls still the Lord Sava as it is written in the right and left medallions on an icon is represented. We shall notice, that on the icon between letters C and B there is no vowel A, hence, a modern pronunciation of a name of the God of the Father there is a reserve, instead of reading of that is written. Reserves, as is known, vary in due course, and are quite possible, that authors of an icon did not say what is not present, namely letter A after C. So the name of the Father could be said, as "Sva".

4. Savaof is man's image of Mother Sva.

The modern researcher of domestic religion does not know a name of a deity of masculine gender Sva, but here female, in the form of: Mother Sva, it is known, moreover from such source, Veles book. It is necessary to tell more in detail about which.

И вот Матерь Сва бьет крылами

По бокам с двух сторон, как в огне вся сияя светом,

и все перья Её - иные:

красные, синие, рыже-бурые,

желтые, и серебряные, золотые и белые.

И так же сияет, как Солнце-царь

(Veles book, plate II 7е)

И рекла Сва в поле нашем, и била крыльями Матерь Сва, и пела песни к сече. И та птица не есть царь Солнца, но она - та, из-за которой всё стало(?)

(plate II 7)

Let's note following circumstances.

The first consists that Mother Sva is presented winged, with feathers. According to images from Veles book (not having illustrations), she can be represented in the form of a bird heavenly.

The second circumstance consists that anywhere, except for Veles book, Mather Sva is not mentioned, that gives the basis to some researchers to subject to doubts authenticity most Veles book.

The third and major circumstance consists that for the author of texts of Veles book, Mother Sva is one of the major divine images, and the patroness of Slavs. They compare Mother Sva with light and the Sun, but divide these two images.

5. Sova (the Owl) - zoo morphological symbol of Mother Sva.

Image of the Owl as a symbol of Great Mother, archeologists find in the most ancient civilizations of Eurasia.

The figurines really enough transmitting flying owls, occur from complexes of Balkan-Danube culture Gymelnica - Rusa. Before us an image of the goddess possessing on communication with the ground attributes Demetra, and on communication with the moon - Artemis's attributes. And still with the greatest evidence this image possesses all main attributes Athens - an owl, the branch - a tree and has some attributes of a hydra - Gorgons. Possibly, here there was the prototype of this deity who has extended subsequently in other ethno cultural areas, and, in particular, in area of development of tribes Tripolye cultures.

It is necessary to recognize, that in the characteristic of the considered image there is something the common with image of the same dual a heavenly dragon. [7]

To great Ukrainian archeologist V.N.Danilenko we are obliged by following generalization.

In set of mythological systems the bird acts in the form of the transmitter causing fertility of heavenly forces and, at last, receives classical expression in idea of «sacred spirit ». In this function the owl and an eagle more often act. The image of horned goddess Artemis is not superseded by image owl-faces goddesses Athens, and continues to exist alongside with him, being found out in Vinci's complex, Tripolye.

From an extreme antiquity both these of an image (the owl and an eagle) represent various components universal, in full sense of the space goddess, transmitted in the form of the woman accompanied both solar, and lunar symbols, keeping, thus, all attributes of Great Mother. (in the same place, pp.37-38)


It is easy to notice following concurrences. The man's deity at which name there is root Sva, the historian of Slavic religion Kaisarov named Svetovid, which has given light and a life, his attribute was a horn. [8, с.83]

Quite probably, that unknown right at the beginning of XIX century to Kaisarov and Glinka the name of the bearer of light and life Svarog [9] is formed from this horn, a source of fruitful abundance [8, с.63].

As a result we come to the whole bouquet of names, attributes and specializations of Slavic deities which hasty enough researchers of the Slavic past have named polyreligion and pagans, as opposed to Christianities, « received from cultural

people ».

In the modern Bible (Гл.10, 3 b. Empires) there is a female character with a similar name, tsarina Sava (Sheba). She is unduly hairy, and in the European myths has goose paws that allow to pull together her image with a bird - Mother Goose. In Medieval Latin Bibles letter C on the first page « Songs the Song » (an armour. Canticum Canticorum) often included image Solomon and tsarinas Sava. At the same time, an image of tsarina Sava as Churches, contacted image of Maiden Maria[10].

Let's show an opportunity of that names Sava and Sofia , the Deity of Kiev and Novgorod, the temple of Sofia is noted in Village Sarskoe on a map of 1792 can quite be variants of perusal of the same names.

Really, well-known, that sounds [t] and [f] quite can replace each other. For example, the theatre was called in XVIII century "феатр", Feodor is quite recognized in European Theodor, and such replacement of a name of the German on Russian was really made, for example, at the German on Russian service. Thus, for an establishment of equivalence of names Savaof and Savaot there is no need to address to another language example.

Let's bring examples of equivalent replacement of a sound [f] on [v]. Here is the phrase from Simeon’s annals.

В лето 6815 князь Юрьи выеха на Москву с Рязани, а на осень бысть Таирова рать. Тое же осени князь Александр и Борис отъехали в Тферь с Москвы. Toe же зимы князь Юрьи князя Костянтина убил Рязанского,

Того же лета князь великий Михаиле Ярославич Тферскый ходил в другие к Москве ратью, всею силою, и бысть бой у Москвы, на память святого апостола Тита, и града не взяша, и не успевше ничто же возвратишася.[11]

As we see, in XIV century the known name of city of Tver was written to all through [f], the name of grand duke, through [f], Тферскый also was written. Thus, the name of a deity Sava (оf) is quite probable the Sofa (Sofia) can a variant of a pronunciation and a writing of a name. The revealed equivalence of bible names of heavenly defenders of mankind and Slavic deities allows us to continue orthodox world outlook continuity till times Savanes which were investigated by historian Veltman.

Let's note also following circumstance. The sound [r] obviously tests on itself ideological pressure as a result of which some letters, as for example, Ь[er] and Ъ [er], the Russian alphabet have at all lost own sounding which quite could correspond to names of these ancient letters. Even these letters were thought up by founders of the alphabet mute on unknown us to the reasons, nevertheless, we can to specify quite powerful reasons that these letters have ceased to be said. Such reasons are exclusively religious reasons as the alphabet initially is under the all-round control of a priestly caste. We shall compare with three well-known names.

Sarra, Sava, Sofa (Sofia). Graphic means of Cyrillic quite allow to see in letters B and Ф variants of a writing double РР. For example, in can be presented, how ligature Р and Ь. Letter Ф can be presented, how ligature from graphemes and P. What purposes could serve such ligatures from symmetric concerning vertical and horizontal symbols Р?

Probably, such sign expressed idea « that above, and below », or deities, as two heads of Yanus and the Russian stamp eagle.

Let's note one more presence of a name Sava in the modern bible text. Savle which for the muffled reasons has addressed in Paul.

Such manipulation can quite be appreciable even today consequence of ancient religious reform, for example, the manipulation of a deity of a feminine gender in a man's image. Such gender transformations of gods are noted by V.N.Danilenko, as specific attributes which distinguish Indo-European mythology from Semitic.

Indo-European are inherent: a heavenly dragon (rather poorly adjoining the bible tempter); the female nature of a dying and reviving deity (in the Egyptian mythology are men which reminiscence is Jesus Christ) which is differentiated on confronting female and winning him the man's beginning only in «Semite environment »; typicalness for Northern zones of the Old World of an image of Great mother … till bible times. (In the same place, pp.46,100)

To V.N.Danilenko's opinion we shall add the following. Semite environment can be found out inside of any really existing society, including orthodox, as the integral component of exclusive structure of this society. For example, so-called «жидовствующие» have been found out in the uppermost echelons of power of Russia, Judaism in Hazaria have accepted the same top echelons of power which in terms of such source as The Laws of Manu , refer to Varna and jati, that we understand, after Elmanovich, as castes of an Aryan society.

From told it is possible to draw a following conclusion. The image of Great Mother had among Indo-European numerous names, including Sara, the Sova, the Sofa, Mania Coza (This name is read through by John Stojko [13] in manuscript Voynich), Masha, Mara, Makosh, Marusia, Maria. As a matter of fact, all nowadays existing female names of Russian can be correlated with this universal image of the Heavenly deity of the feminine gender, giving a life to all alive. Moreover, other global religions, at a superficial sight, absolutely independent, show continuity of Slavic orthodox spirituality at a level of a name of a deity. For example, arrival expected by Buddhists on the ground Maоtre quite can be understood, how occurrence in a sky of a star of Mother Rei which in Orthodoxy is called as Maria.

Let's pay attention, those Christian images of the Virgin also it is rather separated among themselves on attributes and specialization. Among orthodox images of the Mother of god is even Three handed with three hands; however nobody occurs to accept these images for various deities though they externally are not always similar one to another, and names carry different. However it would be difficult to explain to us to ironic and mistrustful foreign scientists of a century, for example, from 25-th as the Mother of god Kazan relates to the Mother of god Smolensk and why it not local deities of citizens of Kazan and Smolensk. The Same difficulties in relation to numerous names of the Slavic heavenly patron which is uniform and Trinity from this day and in depth of centuries, Veltman has overcome quite, having shown, that all Slavs of the Europe worshipped till an epoch of the Christianity, to one, a figurative deity by name Sva.

Quite probably, that the name of the Christian God of Father Savaof is direct development of representations Savanes about the Supreme deity, in view of noted by Danilenko, changes of a floor of a deity from the most ancient female on modern man's.

6. Mother Sva in an image of a unearthly bird is the modern state symbol of Russia.

Let's show now, that a visual image of a deity from Veles book, birds of Mother Sva a sign to Slavs it is rather good, though and from not religious party.

Let's pay attention to the state symbols of Russia. The most glorify from them is a two-headed eagle.

Here, as it looked in XVIII century:

As we see, on a breast of an eagle the patron of Moscow and Russia, Sacred George is represented.

To us speak, that Russian tsars have borrowed a two-headed eagle at Byzantine emperors Paleolog.

Here is Paleolog’s family symbol.

Apparently, on a breast the eagle from Byzantium, instead of an image of sacred George, in a gold circle has the most ancient space symbol of the Universe - the Swastika.

It means, that in an image of a two-headed eagle, the State Emblem, now, as well as the last centuries, shined for Russia, we see bird Mother Sva, described in Veles book, as Sky mother the Slavs, leading us to glory. The space cross of the Swastika is replaced nowadays on anthropomorphic image of Sacred George, but it simply means continuity of the symbols concerning radical, most ancient Slavic representations about the Universe, which source and today it is possible to see, how a crosswise star in the center of our Galaxy. It shone has served for our ancestors image to a geometrical symbol of the Swastika, anthropomorphic symbol St. George and zoomorphic symbol of bird Sva.

About that bird Sva has ceased to be visible for people, it is spoken in Veles book. This space event has led to religious and state distempers which we well know in domestic history.

However distempers pass and are replaced by the periods of the order and blossoming for which achievement of scientific heights in all spheres of life is characteristic.

Veltman shows, that such periods of blossoming of scientific knowledge of the world and the Universe already were in the past when the Europe was occupied by the citizens of one language remembered the unity and relationship, and also about own origin from the heavenly Creator:

The Lord has told: here, one people and one language at all. (Life,1, 6).

The name Savanes, noted by Veltman as the general name of the European Slavic population during an epoch of the basis of Rome, carries phonetic and morphological attributes of continuity with Vinci's symbolizing a deity of Slavs the owls - Heavenly Mother Sva is curious, that, and belongs to Slavs until now in the form of "Soviet" people and even "sovok". Our task consists in realizing continuity of a sememe - orthodox spiritual filling of name Sva since Vinci's times, till time of a life of the greatest Serbian sacred Savva, and to this day.

1. "Русские писатели". Биобиблиографический словарь. Том 1. А--Л. Под редакцией П. А. Николаева. М., "Просвещение", 1990

2. Вельтман А. Ф. Индо-германы или Сайване. Опыт свода и проверки сказаний о первобытных населенцах Германии. М. В Университетской типографии. 1856. www.robaten.narod.ru

3. Десницкая А. В. Вопросы изучения родства индоевропейских языков. М. - Л. 1955.

4. Сафронов В.А. Индоевропейские прародины. Горький, 1989 г.

5. Гусева Н.Р. Русские сквозь тысячелетия. Арктическая теория. М. Белые Альвы. 2007

6. Щуров Г.С. Очерки истории культуры Русского Севера, 988-1917/ Архангельск, ОАО ИПП «Правда Севера», 2004.

7. Кайсаров А.С. Глинка Г.А., Рыбаков Б.А. Мифы древних славян. Велесова книга. Саратов. «Надежда», 1993.

8. Даниленко В.Н., Шилов Ю.А. Начала цивилизации. Космогония первобытного общества. Праистория Руси. Екатеринбург: деловая книга; М.: «Раритет», 1999.с.27

9. Грушко Е.А., Медведев Ю.М. Русские легенды и предания. М. Изд. Эксмо, 2006, с.546.

10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_of_Sheba

11. Хрестоматия по истории СССР. Т. I / Сост. В. Лебедев и др. М., 1940. - С. 198-201.

12. The Laws of Manu, George Buhler, translator. Sacred Books of the East, Volume 25. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/manu/manu01.htm

13. John Stojko. Letters to God's Eye. 1978 . http://web.archive.org/web/20011012024847/home.att.net/~oko/voynich/v-intro.htm


Sergei S. Robaten, Symbols of the Veles book. Influence on Slavic culture // «Академия Тринитаризма», М., Эл № 77-6567, публ.15497, 28.08.2009

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